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ARTSCENE: INTRODUCTION by RaD Man, Shivan Bastard, Wildcat

INTRODUCTION

Ever since the days of the IBM PC 8088 and C64, personal computers have been used for much more than word processing and data entry. Artists around the world have found computer art to be less expensive and much less restrictive than traditional paint and canvas. These artists have pioneered many different electronic art mediums over the years, the most popular of course being High-Resolution images and Three-Dimensional Renderings. Primative mediums such as ASCII and ANSI text, and RIPscrip are still popular, but have moved far away from the mainstream and into this little niche we call the digital "ArtScene". These computer artists showcase their work via virtual galleries on the web, through monthly collections (artpacks) of their work with other artists, and by engaging in local and international competitions such as 30-minute IRC compos and international demo parties like Assembly, The Party, or NAID.

HISTORY

The artscene and its following has changed dramatically and grown exponentially over the past decade. What started out as a small group of friends sharing ANSIs on fido-net has expanded beyond their belief. The early years were focused entirely on bulletin board systems.

Eventually, artists moved away from the FIDO-net and PD world, and started forming their own underground elite networks. These were similar to the FIDO-net style nets that connected bulletin boards running highly customizable elite bbs software such as Oblivion/2 and Vision-X. People would spend years tweaking out every aspect of their board, creating menu modifications known as "mods", dozens of user selectable menu templates, custom utilities, and so on. Click here for an ANSI animation that shows what a typical mod might do for your BBS (Viewing with ACiD View 14400 or 28800 bps modem emulation recommended.) BBS's remained the focus and medium of underground digital artists until 1995.

The internet really hit the center stage in 1994, and over the next three years the entire scene has mosied it's way over to the information superhighway. Yes, conventional dial-up artscene BBS's still do exist today, but so does the 12" vinyl record and the 5.25 floppy disk. So, let's carry on, SHALL WE? :)

Just about every major artscene group has a domain name and spectacular web page. Many artists can be found on IRC channels such as #ascii or #hirez on EF-Net, or #graphics and #art on Dalnet. In the past, ANSI artists used to frequent EF-Net's #ANSI until mid 1995 when a bunch of self-proclaimed "IRC hackers" took over the channel permanently and made it their home (for reasons unbenounced to us.)

The art scene as I've described it has been primarily a MS-DOS and Windows PC based scene. While some high-resolution (VGA) artists have used Unix workstations, Apple Macintoshes, or Amiga computers to create their art, the majority of the viewing audience has been almost completely PC based. The internet is steadily changing that statistic, thanks to technologies such as Sun's 100% Pure JAVA programming language which will pave the way for universal Art Viewing programs and the like.

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ASCII

ASCII text art is by far the most limited of all computer mediums. These images are created using the standard IBM extended 256-character set or Amiga-X characters. Some artists opt to limit themselves from the proprietary extended characters, taking advantage of only the core ASCII 128-character set. By limiting themselves to ASCII's bare 128 characters, they gain compatibility with virtually any terminals display without the need of any sort of emulator whatsoever. Art created using the IBM or Amiga extended character sets can only be viewed normally on their respective platform.

ASCII art was one of the first ways to display any kind of graphics on a PC, and it will certainly be around for a long time to come. Even today it is the only acceptable way to show a picture in certain situations; such as in compressed archive comments, ftp .messages, IRC scripts, email signatures, et cetera. Some people create ASCII art on their own, but the vast majority join into groups and release their art in ASCII archives known as "artpacks", "disks" or "collies" and others choose to release their pieces with the other artwork inside regular artpacks. Below is a small example of ASCII artwork. Note that the original ASCII was over 200 lines, and only a small portion is displayed to preserve space.

ASCII by KillaHertz / ACiD

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ANSI

ANSI stands for American National Standards Institute. This federation is responsible for facilitating development of national and international standards. They play a role in standards of just about everything, from airline safety to zirconium storage -- but most importantly (to most of us any ways), terminal emulation!

If ANSI is involved with so many different standards, which one are we talking about? Institute-wise, we are referring to ANSI's Advanced Data Communication Control Procedure (ADCCP) X3.64-1979. But to the common computer user ANSi means just one thing: A textmode medium which consists of the standard IBM PC 256-character set, enhanced by 16 foreground colors, 8 background colors, and the ability to control and move the cursor. So, from here on, ANSI X3.64-1979 = "ANSi".

Through a device driver (ANSI.SYS), ANSi allowed PC users to take their plain old black and white communications software (Anyone remember the original CROSSTALK?) and breath into it a whole new life! 16 colors, 8 background colors, even cursor movement! What would they think of next? Through the ability to control the cursor, one could achieve the illusion of animation on the screen.

ANSi artists are by far some of the most creative and resourceful individuals in the entire 'scene. "ANSiMations", or ANSi-Movies were popular in the late 80's and early 90's. These comic-like scenes dashed across the screen with only 256 characters and 16 colors on 1200 and 2400 baud modems. Although it's original usefulness as a standard terminal emulation for Bulletin Board Systems and remote system access has just about diminished, its popularity as an artform continues to live on. Almost all ANSI today is restricted to the artpacks that have been so dearly collected for you on this site.

Since ANSi is made up of complicated escape sequences, special editors have been created over the years that offer some truly incredible features. Ian Davis' TheDraw(tm) was the pioneer of all ANSi editors, and it's still used today for its powerful animation tools. However, more advanced editors such as ACiD Productions' ACiD Draw(tm) and Sector Logic's ArtWorx(tm) have been developed.

Today, ANSi art has evolved to the point where it's no longer practical to simply rely on your terminal to display them for you. Many different viewers have been been developed that offer features such as smooth scrolling, high-resolution vga mode viewing, and slide show options. Some of the most widely used today are ACiD View, iCEView, and DarkView. The examples below are just small portions of 200+ line ANSi masterpieces.

Nuclear Holocaust by Grimlock / Integrity

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RIPSCRIP

RIP stands for Remote Imaging Protocol. RIPscrip was developed by Telegrafix in the early 90's with the intentions of giving dialup-BBS users a choice of graphics, text, or both. Unfortunately, due to the hideously proprietary nature in which their protocol was written, it failed miserably and was not accepted by the masses as they had originally planned. However, artscene members welcomed this poorly written protocol with open arms and exploited it's limitations of 640x350x16 color EGA display and animation possibilities. Unlike most of the art you see on web pages and such, RIP is vector based, meaning that you see images being drawn in real time, calculating geometric shapes, lines, fills and such rather than a simple straight down binary copy in pixel maps. The only way to view RIP screens is with a special viewer such as ACiD View. The best program to create these types of screens is undoubtedly Tombstone Artist.

Nuclear Holocaust #1 by Ragnarok and Angel Dust / ACiD

3D DESIGN

3D modelling can be done through a variety of methods. One of the most popular is raytracing. Raytracing is a method of creating incredible photorealistic images on a computer. The first stage in creating a raytraced image is to describe the scene. You can do this by using an expensive interactive 3D modeler, or you can simply use a textfile with a complex scene description syntax almost like a typical programming language. After you've described the scene to your raytracer you have to wait for the actual rendering to occur. This process can take anywhere from 30 seconds to a couple of days depending on the complexity of your description and the speed of your processor. The software mathematically models the lightrays bouncing around your virtual world until they eventually reach the virtual camera's position. This involves millions of floating point calculations and until recently was limited only to Silicon Graphics workstations and other powerful mini computers.

The most popular raytracer on the market, isn't! The Persistance of Vision Raytracer (POV-Ray) is a complete freeware rendering package available on many different platforms. The source code is also available so you can feel free to customize it yourself or even add your own features. It's not as user-friendly as some of the multi-thousand dollar commercial packages out there, but it's definately a commercial grade raytracer. You can learn more about POV-Ray from http://www.povray.org, and you can learn more about 3D Rendering in general from the comp.graphics.rendering newsgroups. (Portions of this section taken from the c.g.r.r FAQ.)

3D Studio is another popular, albeit very expensive 3D rendering package. It uses a method called scanline rendering to create three dimensional images in a fraction of the time a true ray tracer takes. More information coming soon, for the time being visit http://www.autodesk.com.

Example of a POV-Ray raytraced picture.

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HI-REZ

High resolution art, or Hirez for short, is one of the most popular mediums in the scene today. Hirez encompasses everything from web graphics to photomanipulation. However, a majority of hirez art is hand rendered, executed in a comic book/toon style. The programs utilized to make hirez art are as varied as the medium itself, yet two programs stand out for their excellence and large following in the graphics community: Adobe Photoshop and Meta Creations Painter. Both programs use natural media tools, such as airbrushes, pencils, etc., to simulate the tools of the conventional artists. However, "plugins", small third party programs intended to "enhance" the original program, add a significant advantage over paint and canvas. Effects such as glow, lighting, lens flares, and bevels can easily be added with a click of the mouse. However, unlike many "professional" graphicians, the scene has striven not to use the plugins as a crutch.

Conventional artistic ability is paramount in hirez art, unlike text-based forms such as ASCII and ANSI. Many elements of hirez art are actually scanned in from more natural media, such as sketches or photographs. Usually, these works are presented in full screen, 800x600 pixels, 16 million colors. As seen, this medium offers few limits on the artist's creative expression and therefore it is becoming one of the most popular vehicles for artistic endeavors. Hirez art can be viewed in any web browser or in a number of VGA capable viewers, including ACiD View. However, this visual feast comes at a high price. To really enjoy Hirez art one must have the system to do it justice. A good graphics setup includes a PCI SVGA video card and a large monitor. Furthermore, the best "tools" for viewing these works is a discriminating eye and an open mind. Beauty is truly in the detail, and VGA is the only medium in the scene that allows for this great amount of detail. It takes a talented artist to create it, and a trained eye to appreciate it, but the results can be awe-inspiring.

Documentary by RaD Man, Shivan Bastard, and Wildcat.
Copyright © 1997-1999 ACiD Productions, All Rights Reserved.
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